Sensitivity of drainage morphometry based hydrological response (GIUH) of a river basin to the spatial resolution of DEM data

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Sahoo, Ramendra
dc.contributor.author Jain, Vikrant
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-06T05:29:07Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-06T05:29:07Z
dc.date.issued 2018-02
dc.identifier.citation Sahoo, Ramendra and Jain, Vikrant, "Sensitivity of drainage morphometry based hydrological response (GIUH) of a river basin to the spatial resolution of DEM data", Computers & Geosciences, DOI: 10.1016/j.cageo.2017.10.001, vol. 111, pp. 78-86, Feb. 2018. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 983004
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cageo.2017.10.001
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/3320
dc.description.abstract Drainage network pattern and its associated morphometric ratios are some of the important plan form attributes of a drainage basin. Extraction of these attributes for any basin is usually done by spatial analysis of the elevation data of that basin. These planform attributes are further used as input data for studying numerous process-response interactions inside the physical premise of the basin. One of the important uses of the morphometric ratios is its usage in the derivation of hydrologic response of a basin using GIUH concept. Hence, accuracy of the basin hydrological response to any storm event depends upon the accuracy with which, the morphometric ratios can be estimated. This in turn, is affected by the spatial resolution of the source data, i.e. the digital elevation model (DEM). We have estimated the sensitivity of the morphometric ratios and the GIUH derived hydrograph parameters, to the resolution of source data using a 30 meter and a 90 meter DEM. The analysis has been carried out for 50 drainage basins in a mountainous catchment. A simple and comprehensive algorithm has been developed for estimation of the morphometric indices from a stream network. We have calculated all the morphometric parameters and the hydrograph parameters for each of these basins extracted from two different DEMs, with different spatial resolutions. Paired t-test and Sign test were used for the comparison. Our results didn't show any statistically significant difference among any of the parameters calculated from the two source data. Along with the comparative study, a first-hand empirical analysis about the frequency distribution of the morphometric and hydrologic response parameters has also been communicated. Further, a comparison with other hydrological models suggests that plan form morphometry based GIUH model is more consistent with resolution variability in comparison to topographic based hydrological model.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Ramendra Sahoo and Vikrant Jain
dc.format.extent vol. 111, pp. 78-86
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Drainage network en_US
dc.subject DEM resolution en_US
dc.subject Hydrological response en_US
dc.subject GIUH en_US
dc.subject Sensitivity study en_US
dc.subject Hypothesis tests en_US
dc.title Sensitivity of drainage morphometry based hydrological response (GIUH) of a river basin to the spatial resolution of DEM data en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Computers & Geosciences


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Digital Repository


Browse

My Account