GW170817: Measurements of neutron star radii and equation of state

Show simple item record Sengupta, Anand 2018-11-16T06:05:55Z 2018-11-16T06:05:55Z 2018-10
dc.identifier.citation Sengupta, A. S. et al., "GW170817: Measurements of neutron star radii and equation of state", Physical Review Letters, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.161101, vol. 121, no. 16, Oct. 2018. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0031-9007
dc.identifier.issn 1079-7114
dc.description.abstract On 17 August 2017, the LIGO and Virgo observatories made the first direct detection of gravitational waves from the coalescence of a neutron star binary system. The detection of this gravitational-wave signal, GW170817, offers a novel opportunity to directly probe the properties of matter at the extreme conditions found in the interior of these stars. The initial, minimal-assumption analysis of the LIGO and Virgo data placed constraints on the tidal effects of the coalescing bodies, which were then translated to constraints on neutron star radii. Here, we expand upon previous analyses by working under the hypothesis that both bodies were neutron stars that are described by the same equation of state and have spins within the range observed in Galactic binary neutron stars. Our analysis employs two methods: the use of equation-of-state-insensitive relations between various macroscopic properties of the neutron stars and the use of an efficient parametrization of the defining function p(ρ) of the equation of state itself. From the LIGO and Virgo data alone and the first method, we measure the two neutron star radii as R1=10.8+2.0−1.7  km for the heavier star and R2=10.7+2.1−1.5  km for the lighter star at the 90% credible level. If we additionally require that the equation of state supports neutron stars with masses larger than 1.97  M⊙ as required from electromagnetic observations and employ the equation-of-state parametrization, we further constrain R1=11.9+1.4−1.4  km and R2=11.9+1.4−1.4  km at the 90% credible level. Finally, we obtain constraints on p(ρ) at supranuclear densities, with pressure at twice nuclear saturation density measured at 3.5+2.7−1.7×1034  dyn cm−2 at the 90% level.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by A. S. Sengupta et al.
dc.format.extent vol.121, no. 16
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Physical Society en_US
dc.subject Nuclear structure and decays en_US
dc.subject Nuclear matter en_US
dc.subject Equations of state of nuclear matter en_US
dc.subject Gravitation en_US
dc.subject Gravitational waves en_US
dc.subject Gravitational wave sources en_US
dc.subject Nuclear astrophysics en_US
dc.subject Nuclear matter in neutron stars en_US
dc.subject StarsNeutron stars en_US
dc.subject Pulsars en_US
dc.title GW170817: Measurements of neutron star radii and equation of state en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Physical Review Letters

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