Riverine flood hazard: Part B. Disaster risk reduction in India

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dc.contributor.author Wasson, Robert James
dc.contributor.author Jain, Vikrant
dc.contributor.author Katuri, Ajay
dc.contributor.author Lahiri, Siddhartha
dc.contributor.author Parkash, Surya
dc.contributor.author Singhvi, Ashok Kumar
dc.contributor.author Varma, Navarun
dc.contributor.author Bansal, Priya
dc.contributor.author Chuah, C. Joon
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-16T06:05:55Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-16T06:05:55Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03
dc.identifier.citation Wasson, Robert James; Jain, Vikrant; Katuri, Ajay; Lahiri, Siddhartha; Parkash, Surya; Singhvi, Ashok Kumar; Varma, Navarun; Bansal, Priya and Chuah, C. Joon, “Riverine flood hazard: Part B. disaster risk reduction in India”, Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy, DOI: 10.16943/ptinsa/2018/49502, vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 65-76, Mar. 2019. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2454-9983
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.16943/ptinsa/2018/49502
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4007
dc.description.abstract The economic risk from and social vulnerability to riverine floods in India is one of the highest, if not the highest, in the world, with millions of people exposed and vulnerable, and billions of rupees worth of property and infrastructure at risk. Between 1953 and 2011 the total number of human lives lost to floods was 97,551 and the total economic cost of floods in India was 4.506x1012 INR (6912x107 USD) in 2017 prices. Embankments have been the dominant flood protection scheme, or Disaster Risk Reduction strategy, since Independence and despite the heroic construction of tens of thousands of embankments to protect lives and property from floods, economic damage continues to rise, even when normalized for inflation to take account of increasing wealth and therefore an increase in the amount of property that can be damaged. Explanations of this apparent paradox vary, but appear to centre on breaches in embankments, incomplete embankments, sedimentation in channels because of embankments and therefore deeper and more dangerous floods, human encroachment onto floodplains partly as a result of "the levee effect" whereby people feel safe in the presence of embankments, and the displacement of traditional coping mechanisms by government initiatives. While governments, NGOs, and academics have often discussed non-structural DRR, and some is in place, there has been little development of this approach to more completely complement structural interventions to reduce deaths and damage. A workshop of flood management practitioners and analysts in February 2017 produced a set of recommendations for a more robust form of DRR for India, and they are presented as a contribution to at least moderate what has become an existential crisis for many Indians.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Robert James Wasson, Vikrant Jain, Ajay Katuri, Siddhartha Lahiri, Surya Parkash, Ashok Kumar Singhvi, Navarun Varma, Priya Bansal and C. Joon Chuah
dc.format.extent vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 65-76
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Indian National Science Academy en_US
dc.subject Riverine Flood Hazard en_US
dc.subject Disaster Risk Reduction en_US
dc.subject India en_US
dc.title Riverine flood hazard: Part B. Disaster risk reduction in India en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy

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