Dissolved aluminium cycling in the northern, equatorial and subtropical gyre region of the Indian Ocean

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dc.contributor.author Singh, Naman Deep
dc.contributor.author Chinni, Venkatesh
dc.contributor.author Singh, Sunil Kumar
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-19T11:29:01Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-19T11:29:01Z
dc.date.issued 2020-01
dc.identifier.citation Singh, Naman Deep; Chinni, Venkatesh and Singh, Sunil Kumar, ''Dissolved aluminium cycling in the northern, equatorial and subtropical gyre region of the Indian Ocean'', Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.09.028, vol. 268, pp. 160-185, Jan. 2020. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0016-7037
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2019.09.028
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4940
dc.description.abstract Dissolved aluminium (hereafter, dAl) concentrations have been determined on 34 full vertical water column profiles, sampled along the two separate GEOTRACES-India transects (GI-01 and GI-06) to understand the biogeochemical controls on dAl distribution in the northern (the Bay of Bengal, the Andaman Sea and the Arabian Sea), equatorial and subtropical gyre region of the Indian Ocean. Al released due to the partial dissolution of and/or Al desorption from the suspended lithogenic sediments, supplied in a huge amount to the Bay of Bengal (BoB) waters by the Ganga-Brahmaputra (G-B) river system, Indian peninsular rivers and sediment resuspension from the continental shelf and slope, predominantly controls the dAl distribution in the BoB and results in an overall increase in the dAl concentrations throughout the water column towards the northern BoB and the eastern coast of India. Considering the steady-state balance between the dAl input from the lithogenic sediment flux in the upper water column and first-order scavenging removal of dAl, the fractional solubility of Al from the lithogenic sediments in the BoB surface waters is estimated to be in the range of 1.1�4.7%. Advection of Indonesian Sea surface waters through the Strait of Malacca and dAl input from the partial dissolution of resuspended terrigenous sediments, sourced from the insular shelf of the Nicobar Islands, set major controls on the dAl distribution in the surface and upper thermocline waters of the southern Andaman Sea and the southern BoB region near the Nicobar Islands. Rapid renewal of and vertical mixing in the deeper waters (>1000?m) relative to scavenging removal of dAl results in near-uniform dAl concentrations (?3.7?nM) in the deeper waters at the center of the southern Andaman Sea. In the south-eastern Arabian Sea, the continental outflow of mineral dust and advection of dAl enriched Bay of Bengal surface waters control the dAl distribution in the surface water layer. dAl in the surface waters of the equatorial Indian Ocean, during the late winter sampling period of the GI-06 cruise, is predominantly determined by the mixing between dAl-rich surface waters of the southern BoB and relatively, dAl-depleted surface waters of the southern Arabian Sea under the influence of the Northeast Monsoon Current. The scavenging residence time of dAl in the deep waters of the equatorial Indian Ocean is estimated using a 1-D scavenging-advection�diffusion model and found to be in the range of 92�141?years. Deposition of Australian dust and advection of Indonesian Throughflow Water translates to the dAl enrichment in the upper water column (<500?m) at the northern end of the Indian Subtropical Gyre. Sediment resuspension near the Central Indian Ridge probably enrich the dAl in the ambient deep water depth (2000�3500?m) and this signal dampens as the deep waters progress north-westward in the Central Indian Ocean Basin. The bottom water (>3500?m) advects across the Ninety East Ridge from the Western Australian Basin to bring the dAl-rich waters to the northern end of the Central Indian Ocean Basin.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Naman Deep Singh, Venkatesh Chinnia and Sunil Kumar Singh
dc.format.extent vol. 268, pp
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Dissolved aluminium en_US
dc.subject Indian Ocean en_US
dc.subject GEOTRACES en_US
dc.subject Particle-water interaction en_US
dc.subject Bay of Bengal en_US
dc.title Dissolved aluminium cycling in the northern, equatorial and subtropical gyre region of the Indian Ocean en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta


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