Methanol electrolysis for hydrogen production using polymer electrolyte membrane: a mini-review

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dc.contributor.author Pethaiah, Sethu Sundar
dc.contributor.author Sadasivuni, Kishor Kumar
dc.contributor.author Jayakumar, Arunkumar
dc.contributor.author Ponnamma, Deepalekshmi
dc.contributor.author Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar
dc.contributor.author Sasikumar, Gangadharan
dc.contributor.other Energies
dc.coverage.spatial Switzerland
dc.date.accessioned 2021-01-01T15:35:34Z
dc.date.available 2021-01-01T15:35:34Z
dc.date.issued 2020-11
dc.identifier.citation Pethaiah, Sethu Sundar; Sadasivuni, Kishor Kumar; Jayakumar, Arunkumar; Ponnamma, Deepalekshmi; Tiwary, Chandra Sekhar and Sasikumar, Gangadharan, "Methanol electrolysis for hydrogen production using polymer electrolyte membrane: a mini-review", Energies, DOI: 10.3390/en13225879, vol. 13, no. 22, Nov. 2020. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1996-1073
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/en13225879
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/6163
dc.description.abstract Hydrogen (H2) has attained significant benefits as an energy carrier due to its gross calorific value (GCV) and inherently clean operation. Thus, hydrogen as a fuel can lead to global sustainability. Conventional H2 production is predominantly through fossil fuels, and electrolysis is now identified to be most promising for H2 generation. This review describes the recent state of the art and challenges on ultra-pure H2 production through methanol electrolysis that incorporate polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM). It also discusses about the methanol electrochemical reforming catalysts as well as the impact of this process via PEM. The efficiency of H2 production depends on the different components of the PEM fuel cells, which are bipolar plates, current collector, and membrane electrode assembly. The efficiency also changes with the nature and type of the fuel, fuel/oxygen ratio, pressure, temperature, humidity, cell potential, and interfacial electronic level interaction between the redox levels of electrolyte and band gap edges of the semiconductor membranes. Diverse operating conditions such as concentration of methanol, cell temperature, catalyst loading, membrane thickness, and cell voltage that affect the performance are critically addressed. Comparison of various methanol electrolyzer systems are performed to validate the significance of methanol economy to match the future sustainable energy demands.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Sethu Sundar Pethaiah, Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni, Arunkumar Jayakumar, Deepalekshmi Ponnamma, Chandra Sekhar Tiwary and Gangadharan Sasikumar
dc.format.extent vol. 13, no. 22
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher MDPI en_US
dc.subject Hydrogen production en_US
dc.subject Fuel cell en_US
dc.subject Cell voltage en_US
dc.subject Methanol en_US
dc.subject Future energy en_US
dc.title Methanol electrolysis for hydrogen production using polymer electrolyte membrane: a mini-review en_US
dc.type Article en_US


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