Reply: potential discharge, attenuation and exposure risk of SARS-CoV-2 in natural water bodies receiving treated wastewater

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dc.contributor.author Kumar, Manish
dc.contributor.author Alamin, Md.
dc.contributor.author Kuroda, Keisuke
dc.contributor.author Dhangar, Kiran
dc.contributor.author Hata, Akihiko
dc.contributor.author Yamaguchi, Hiromichi
dc.contributor.author Honda, Ryo
dc.coverage.spatial United Kingdom
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-26T07:22:33Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-26T07:22:33Z
dc.date.issued 2021-12
dc.identifier.citation Kumar, Manish; Alamin, Md.; Kuroda, Keisuke; Dhangar, Kiran; Hata, Akihiko; Yamaguchi, Hiromichi and Honda, Ryo, "Reply: potential discharge, attenuation and exposure risk of SARS-CoV-2 in natural water bodies receiving treated wastewater", npj Clean Water, DOI: 10.1038/s41545-021-00124-3, vol. 4, no. 1, Dec. 2021. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2059-7037
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1038/s41545-021-00124-3
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/6687
dc.description.abstract The motivation of our review article1 was to respond to emerging concerns, regarding the risk of SARS-CoV-2 in treated wastewater and natural water bodies. There had been a complete lack of quantitative risk assessment regarding presence of SARS-CoV-2 in wastewater. Since the available knowledge had been limited, the review article aimed to estimate the ceiling of possible risk based on the simplest assumptions, following the precautionary principle. The major question raised in the Matters Arising by Haas et al. is that the estimated risk in our review article is overestimated by lacking plausible assumptions in presence of infectious virus in water and inhalation dose in recreational water activities. For the purpose to estimate the ceiling of possible risk, the assumptions were basically made on the safety side (or the worst-case condition), which intentionally allowed potential overestimation. The important conclusion of this review is that, even with such worst-case assumptions, the risk of SARS-CoV-2 in water bodies receiving treated wastewater is probably not a matter of serious concern unless the SARS-CoV-2 RNA in wastewater exceeds the previously detected range. Here, we explain our standpoints to the questions raised in the Matters Arising.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Manish Kumar, Md Alamin, Keisuke Kuroda, Kiran Dhangar, Akihiko Hata, Hiromichi Yamaguchi and Ryo Honda
dc.format.extent vol. 4, no. 1
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Nature Research en_US
dc.title Reply: potential discharge, attenuation and exposure risk of SARS-CoV-2 in natural water bodies receiving treated wastewater en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal npj Clean Water


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