Current and emerging techniques for oral cancer screening and diagnosis: a review

Show simple item record Bisht, Sapna R. Mishra, Pratibha Yadav, Deep Rawal, Rakesh Mercado-Shekhar, Karla P.
dc.coverage.spatial United Kingdom 2012-10-04T17:16:06Z 2012-10-04T17:16:06Z 2021-10
dc.identifier.citation Bisht, Sapna R.; Mishra, Pratibha; Yadav, Deep; Rawal, Rakesh and Mercado-Shekhar, Karla P., “Current and emerging techniques for oral cancer screening and diagnosis: a review”, Progress in Biomedical Engineering, DOI: 10.1088/2516-1091/ac1f6c, vol. 3, no. 4, Oct. 2021. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2516-1091
dc.description.abstract Oral cancer causes over 350,000 deaths annually worldwide. Although most cases are in Asia, the incidence of oral cancer is rising across the world. Despite recent advances in screening methods, oral cancer remains a significant cause of mortality and morbidity. The five-year survival rate (50-60%) has not improved over the past several decades. Early detection and accurate diagnosis of the disease can improve the survival rate and patients' quality of life. This article provides a topical review of current and emerging techniques for screening and diagnosing oral cancer. Currently available technologies have only been moderately useful towards identifying oral cancer early, motivating the development of novel approaches to address this goal. In this article, we provide an overview of adjunctive screening aids, including biofluid (saliva and serum) diagnostics, vital staining, brush biopsy, chemiluminescence, and tissue autofluorescence. Furthermore, we discuss diagnostic imaging modalities, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), ultrasound (including traditional B-mode imaging, color Doppler, and elastography), photoacoustics imaging, and optical coherence tomography (OCT), and artificial intelligence-based methods, which are either being used clinically or are under development for oral cancer staging. The physical and biological basis underpinning each technique are discussed, along with their advantages and limitations in the technological and clinical context. The review concludes with a discussion of the future perspectives in this rapidly evolving field.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Sapna R. Bisht, Pratibha Mishra, Deep Yadav, Rakesh Rawal and Karla Patricia Mercado-Shekhar
dc.format.extent vol. 3, no. 4
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher IOP Publishing en_US
dc.subject Precancer en_US
dc.subject Screening en_US
dc.subject Oral potentially malignant lesions en_US
dc.subject Medical imaging en_US
dc.subject Biofluid diagnostics en_US
dc.subject Adjunctive diagnostic aids en_US
dc.title Current and emerging techniques for oral cancer screening and diagnosis: a review en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Progress in Biomedical Engineering

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