Geomorphic diversity as a river management tool and its application to the Ganga River, India

Show simple item record Sinha, Rajiv Mohanta, H. Jain, Vikrant Tandon, S. K. 2017-05-09T09:15:25Z 2017-05-09T09:15:25Z 2017-09
dc.identifier.citation Sinha, R.; Mohanta, H.; Jain, Vikrant and Tandon, S. K., “Geomorphic diversity as a river management tool and its application to the Ganga River, India”, River Research and Applications, DOI: 10.1002/rra.3154, Sep. 2017. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1535-1467
dc.description.abstract Understanding of geomorphic processes and the determination of geomorphic diversity in catchments are prerequisites for the sustainable rehabilitation of river systems and for reach-scale assessment of river health. The Ganga River system in India is a large, complex system consisting of several long tributaries, some >1,000 km, originating from 2 distinct hinterlands—the Himalaya to the north and the cratons to the south. Traversing through a diverse climatic regime across the Plain and through precipitation zones ranging from 600 mm/year near Delhi to 1,200 mm/year in the eastern plains, the Ganga River system has formed very diverse landform assemblages in 3 major geomorphic domains. We have recognized 10 different river classes for the trunk river from Gangotri (source) to Farakka (upstream of its confluence with the Brahmaputra) based on (a) landscape setting, (b) channel and active floodplain properties, and (c) channel planform parameters. The mountainous stretch is characterized by steep valleys and bedrock channels and is dominated by large-scale sediment production and transport through hill slope processes. The alluvial part of the river is characterized by 8 different river classes of varying reach lengths (60–300 km) many of which show sharp transitions in landscape setting. We have highlighted the application of this approach for the assessment of habitat suitability, environmental flows, and flood risk all of which have been significantly modified during the last few decades due to large-scale anthropogenic disturbances. We suggest that the diversity embedded in this geomorphic framework can be useful for developing a sustainable river management programme to “work with” the contemporary character and behaviour of rivers. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by R. Sinha, H. Mohanta, Vikrant Jain and S. K. Tandon
dc.format.extent Vol. 33, no. 7, pp. 1156–1176
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.title Geomorphic diversity as a river management tool and its application to the Ganga River, India en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal River Research and Applications

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