Suspensions of titania nanoparticle networks in nematic liquid crystals: rheology and microstructure

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Kulkarni, Siddharth Vijay
dc.contributor.author Thareja, Prachi
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-18T10:45:46Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-18T10:45:46Z
dc.date.issued 2017-10
dc.identifier.citation Kulkarni, Siddharth and Thareja, Prachi, "Suspensions of titania nanoparticle networks in nematic liquid crystals: rheology and microstructure", Rheologica Acta, DOI: 10.1007/s00397-017-1039-7, Oct. 2017. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0035-4511
dc.identifier.issn 1435-1528
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00397-017-1039-7
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/3129
dc.description.abstract We study the influence of confinement on the rheology and structure of nematic liquid crystals (NLCs). NLCs get confined in networks of titania (TiO2, primary particle size = 21 nm) nanoparticles in suspensions of TiO2 and NLC, N-(4-methoxybenzylidene)-4-butylaniline (MBBA). Suspensions with TiO2 nanoparticle volume fraction (ϕ) of 0.006–0.017, form viscoelastic solids with low elastic modulus (G′) of 101 Pa–102 Pa and short relaxation times. Increase in TiO2 nanoparticle ϕ leads to a rise in G′ with TiO2 nanoparticles forming a percolating network at a critical volume fraction (ϕ c) = 0.023, and G′ of ~103 Pa. TiO2/MBBA NLC suspensions at and above ϕ c = 0.023 show G′ ~ ω x−1 scaling, where ω is the angular frequency and the minimum in loss modulus (G′′) with ω. The effective noise temperature, x decreases and approaches 1 with the increase in the TiO2 nanoparticle ϕ from 0.023–0.035, is indicative of an increase in the glassy dynamics. Through the polarized light microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry experiments, we propose that the progressive addition of TiO2 nanoparticles introduces a quenched random disorder (QRD) in the NLC medium which disturbs the nematic order. This results in metastable TiO2/MBBA NLC suspensions in which NLC domains get confined in the network of flocs of TiO2 nanoparticles. We also show that the salient rheological signatures of soft glassy rheology develop only in the presence of NLC MBBA and are absent in the isotropic phase of MBBA.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Siddharth Kulkarni and Prachi Thareja
dc.format.extent Vol. 56, no. 10, pp. 825–840
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Springer Link en_US
dc.subject Nematic liquid crystals en_US
dc.subject Soft glassy rheology en_US
dc.subject Quenched random disorder en_US
dc.title Suspensions of titania nanoparticle networks in nematic liquid crystals: rheology and microstructure en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Rheologica Acta


Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Digital Repository


Browse

My Account