Concurrence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), viruses, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in ambient waters of Guwahati, India: Urban vulnerability and resilience perspective

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dc.contributor.author Kumar, Manish
dc.contributor.author Ram, Bhagwana
dc.contributor.author Honda, Ryo
dc.contributor.author Poopipattana, Chomphunut
dc.contributor.author Canh, Vu Duc
dc.contributor.author Chaminda, Tushara
dc.contributor.author Furumai, Hiroaki
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-14T12:22:37Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-14T12:22:37Z
dc.date.issued 2019-11
dc.identifier.citation Kumar, Manish; Ram, Bhagwana; Honda, Ryo; Poopipattana, Chomphunut; Canh, Vu Duc; Chaminda, Tushara and Furumai, Hiroaki, "Concurrence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), viruses, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in ambient waters of Guwahati, India: Urban vulnerability and resilience perspective", Science of The Total Environment, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133640, vol. 693, Nov. 2019. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0048-9697
dc.identifier.issn 1879-1026
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.133640
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4657
dc.description.abstract Multi-drug resistant microbes, pathogenic viruses, metals, and pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in water has become the crux of urban sustainability issues. However, vulnerability due to pollutant concurrences, source apportionment, and identification of better faecal indicators needs to be better understood. The present study focuses on the vulnerability of urban Guwahati, the largest city in Northeastern India, through analyzing the concurrence of PPCPs, enteric viruses, antibiotic resistant bacteria, metal, and faecal contamination in water. The study strives to identify a relevant marker of anthropogenic pollution for the Indian scenario. Samples from the Brahmaputra River (n?=?4), tributary Bharalu River (an unlined urban drain; n?=?3), and Ramsar recognized Lake (Dipor Bil; n?=?1) indicate caffeine > acetaminophen > theophylline > carbamazepine > crotamiton for PPCPs and pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV)?>?aichi > hepatitis A?>?norovirus GII?>?norovirus GI for enteric viruses. PMMoV was the better indicator of faecal pollution due to its prevalence, specificity and ease of detection. Antibiotic resistance was neither correlated with the prevalence of PPCPs nor E. coli. As, Co and Mn appear to be inducing antibiotic resistance in E. coli. While the risk quotient of the urban drain (Bharalu River) indicates one order higher magnitude than reported for other Indian rivers, the Lake exhibited the least pollution and better resilience. The concurrence of pollutants and multi-drug resistant E. coli, owing to the complete absence of wastewater treatment, puts the city in a highly vulnerable state. Pollution is being regulated only by the dilution capability of the Brahmaputra River, which needs to be further researched for seasonal variation.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Manish Kumar, Bhagwana Ram, Ryo Honda, Chomphunut Poopipattana, Vu Duc Canh, Tushara Chaminda and HiroakiFurumai
dc.format.extent vol. 693
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Antibiotic resistance en_US
dc.subject Brahmaputra en_US
dc.subject Enteric viruses en_US
dc.subject Faecal bacteria en_US
dc.subject Metal en_US
dc.subject PPCPs en_US
dc.title Concurrence of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB), viruses, pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) in ambient waters of Guwahati, India: Urban vulnerability and resilience perspective en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Science of The Total Environment


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