Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using nanoscale rice husk biochar

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dc.contributor.author Goswami, Ritusmita
dc.contributor.author Kumar, Manish
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-23T12:43:22Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-23T12:43:22Z
dc.date.issued 2017-12
dc.identifier.citation Goswami, Ritusmita and Kumar, Manish, �Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using nanoscale rice husk biochar�, Groundwater for Sustainable Development, DOI: 10.1016/j.gsd.2017.12.010, Dec. 2017. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2352-801X
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2017.12.010
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4678
dc.description.abstract Fluoride (F-) is a geogenic contaminant which is reported to be hazardous for human health. Considering the present groundwater F- contamination scenario particularly in India, development of a technology for efficient F- removal is an urgent need. The present study assessed the suitability of nanosized rice husk biochar in removal of F- from aqueous solution. The nanoscale adsorbent prepared by a facile technique showed very high removal efficiency (90% removal) using minimum adsorbent dose (1 g L?1) and less contact time period (60 min). The sorption equilibrium data fitted well to both Freundlich (R2 = 0.995) and Langmuir (R2 = 0.991) isotherm models. The maximum adsorption capacity observed were 12.6 mg g?1 and 21.7 mg g?1 for Freundlich and Langmuir respectively, Nanosized rice-husk biochar showed better adsorption capacity as compared to other biomass based adsorbents. The sorption data showed better fit to the pseudo second-order kinetics as compared to the pseudo first-order kinetic model. The novel nanomaterial derived from an agricultural waste product could remove F- from aqueous solution in a promising and cost-effective way indicating that it might be an excellent choice for the removal of F- from contaminated groundwater.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Ritusmita Goswami and Manish Kumar
dc.format.extent vol. 7, pp. 446-451
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Groundwater en_US
dc.subject Fluoride en_US
dc.subject Biochar en_US
dc.subject Nano removal en_US
dc.subject Rise husk en_US
dc.subject Removal en_US
dc.title Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution using nanoscale rice husk biochar en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Groundwater for Sustainable Development


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