Recognition memory for human motor learning

Show simple item record Kumar, Neeraj van Vugt, Floris T. Ostry, David J.
dc.coverage.spatial United States of America 2021-05-14T05:18:50Z 2021-05-14T05:18:50Z 2021-04
dc.identifier.citation Kumar, Neeraj; van Vugt, Floris T. and Ostry, David J., “Recognition memory for human motor learning”, Current Biology, DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2021.01.097, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1678-1686.e3, Apr. 2021. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0960-9822
dc.identifier.issn 1879-0445
dc.description.abstract Motor skill retention is typically measured by asking participants to reproduce previously learned movements from memory. The analog of this retention test (recall memory) in human verbal memory is known to underestimate how much learning is actually retained. Here we asked whether information about previously learned movements, which can no longer be reproduced, is also retained. Following visuomotor adaptation, we used tests of recall that involved reproduction of previously learned movements and tests of recognition in which participants were asked whether a candidate limb displacement, produced by a robot arm held by the subject, corresponded to a movement direction that was experienced during active training. The main finding was that 24 h after training, estimates of recognition memory were about twice as accurate as those of recall memory. Thus, there is information about previously learned movements that is not retrieved using recall testing but can be accessed in tests of recognition. We conducted additional tests to assess whether, 24 h after learning, recall for previously learned movements could be improved by presenting passive movements as retrieval cues. These tests were conducted immediately prior to recall testing and involved the passive playback of a small number of movements, which were spread across the workspace and included both adapted and baseline movements, without being marked as such. This technique restored recall memory for movements to levels close to those of recognition memory performance. Thus, somatic information may enable retrieval of otherwise inaccessible motor memories.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by NeerajKumar, Floris T.van Vugt and David J.Ostry
dc.format.extent vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 1678-1686.e3
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject human motor learning en_US
dc.subject recognition memory en_US
dc.subject recall en_US
dc.subject somatosensation en_US
dc.subject retrieval en_US
dc.title Recognition memory for human motor learning en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Current Biology

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