Constraint on primordial magnetic fields in the light of ARCADE 2 and EDGES observations

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dc.contributor.author Natwariya, Pravin Kumar
dc.coverage.spatial United Kingdom
dc.date.accessioned 2021-05-27T13:33:03Z
dc.date.available 2021-05-27T13:33:03Z
dc.date.issued 2021-05
dc.identifier.citation Natwariya, Pravin Kumar, "Constraint on primordial magnetic fields in the light of ARCADE 2 and EDGES observations", The European Physical Journal C, DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-021-09155-z, vol. 81, no. 5, May 2021. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1434-6044
dc.identifier.issn 1434-6052
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-021-09155-z
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/6524
dc.description.abstract We study the constraints on primordial magnetic fields (PMFs) in the light of the Experiment to Detect the Global Epoch of Reionization Signature (EDGES) low-band observation and Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics and Diffuse Emission (ARCADE 2). ARCADE 2 observation detected extra-galactic excess radio radiation in the frequency range 3-90 GHz. The enhancement in the radio radiation is also supported by the first station of the Long Wavelength Array (LWA1) in the frequency range 40-80 MHz. The presence of early radiation excess over the cosmic microwave background can not be completely ruled out, and it may explain the EDGES anomaly. In the presence of decaying PMFs, 21 cm differential brightness temperature can modify due to the heating of the gas by decaying magnetic fields, and we can constraint the magnetic fields. For excess radiation fraction (Ar) to be LWA1 limit, we show that the upper bound on the present-day magnetic field strength, B0, on the scale of 1 Mpc is ?3.7 nG for spectral index nB=-2.99. While for nB=-1, we get B0?1.1�10-3 nG. We also discuss the effects of first stars on IGM gas evolution and the allowed value of B0. For Ar to be LWA1 limit, we get the upper constraint on magnetic field to be B0(nB=-2.99)?4.9�10-1 nG and B0(nB=-1)?3.7�10-5 nG. By decreasing excess radiation fraction below the LWA1 limit, we get a more stringent bound on B0.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Pravin Kumar, Natwariya
dc.format.extent vol. 81, no. 5
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher SpringerOpen en_US
dc.title Constraint on primordial magnetic fields in the light of ARCADE 2 and EDGES observations en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal The European Physical Journal C


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