Sustainable removal of pernicious arsenic and cadmium by a novel composite of MnO2 impregnated alginate beads: A cost-effective approach for wastewater treatment

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dc.contributor.author Shima, Jaehong
dc.contributor.author Kumar, Manish
dc.contributor.author Mukherjee, Santanu
dc.contributor.author Goswami, Ritusmita
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-17T19:00:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-17T19:00:38Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03
dc.identifier.citation Shima, Jaehong; Kumar, Manish; Mukherjee, Santanu and Goswami, Ritusmita, “Sustainable removal of pernicious arsenic and cadmium by a novel composite of MnO2 impregnated alginate beads: A cost-effective approach for wastewater treatment”, Journal of Environmental Management, DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.084, vol. 234, pp. 8-20, Mar. 2019. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.12.084
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4231
dc.description.abstract There is a dire necessity of developing low cost waste water treatment systems, for the efficient removal of noxious heavy metals (and metalloids) such as Arsenic (As) and Cadmium (Cd). Magnetic biopolymer (CABs-MO) was synthesized by the entrapment of nanocrystalline MnO2 in the polymeric microcapsules of calcium alginate (CABs). Batch experiments were conducted under constant pH (6.5), temperature (25OC), different initial concentrations (30–300 mg L−1) and contact times (0–48 h) to study the adsorption isotherms and removal kinetics of pristine (CABs) and hybrid biopolymer (CABs-MO) for the removal of As and Cd. The pseudo-equilibrium process was mathematically well explained by the pseudo-second-order kinetic (R2 ≥ 0.99) and Langmuir isotherm model (R2 ≥ 0.99) with the highest monolayer sorption capacity of 63.6 mg g−1 for Cd on CABs-MO. The As removal rate was maximum up to 6.5 mg g−1 after 12 h of contact period in a single contaminant system than in the mixed contaminant (As + Cd) system (0.8 mg g−1), though the effect was non-significant for Cd (p < 0.05; t-test). The performance of the 10 mM HCl as a regenerating agent was superior (for As in comparison to Cd, p < 0.05; t-test) compared to distilled water (DW) through three to five regeneration cycles. Therefore, the obtained results clearly validate the feasibility of CABs-MO as a potential promising adsorbent for removing metal contaminants from the wastewater. Further research is required to study the decontamination of emerging contaminants with such novel composite beads characterized by varied physico-chemical properties. en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Jaehong Shima, Manish Kumar, Santanu Mukherjee and Ritusmita Goswami.
dc.format.extent vol. 234, pp. 8-20
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher ScienceDirect en_US
dc.subject Nanocrystalline en_US
dc.subject Alginate en_US
dc.subject CABs-MO en_US
dc.subject Adsorption en_US
dc.subject Arsenic en_US
dc.subject Cadmium en_US
dc.title Sustainable removal of pernicious arsenic and cadmium by a novel composite of MnO2 impregnated alginate beads: A cost-effective approach for wastewater treatment en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Environmental Management


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