Band-to-band tunneling based ultra-energy efficient silicon neuron

Show simple item record Chavan, Tanmay Dutta, Sangya Mohapatra, Nihar Ranjan Ganguly, Udayan 2019-03-12T05:31:47Z 2019-03-12T05:31:47Z 2019-02
dc.identifier.citation Chavan, Tanmay; Dutta, Sangya; Mohapatra, Nihar R. and Ganguly, Udayan, "Band-to-band tunneling based ultra-energy efficient silicon neuron", arXiv, Cornell University Library, DOI: arXiv:1902.09726, Feb. 2019. en_US
dc.description.abstract The human brain comprises about a hundred billion neurons connected through quadrillion synapses. Spiking Neural Networks (SNNs) take inspiration from the brain to model complex cognitive and learning tasks. Neuromorphic engineering implements SNNs in hardware, aspiring to mimic the brain at scale (i.e., 100 billion neurons) with biological area and energy efficiency. The design of ultra-energy efficient and compact neurons is essential for the large-scale implementation of SNNs in hardware. In this work, we have experimentally demonstrated a Partially Depleted (PD) Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) MOSFET based Leaky-Integrate & Fire (LIF) neuron where energy-and area-efficiency is enabled by two elements of design - first tunneling based operation and second compact sub-threshold SOI control circuit design. Band-to-Band Tunneling (BTBT) induced hole storage in the body is used for the "Integrate" function of the neuron. A compact control circuit "Fires" a spike when the body potential exceeds the firing threshold. The neuron then "Resets" by removing the stored holes from the body contact of the device. Additionally, the control circuit provides "Leakiness" in the neuron which is an essential property of biological neurons. The proposed neuron provides 10x higher area efficiency compared to CMOS design with equivalent energy/spike. Alternatively, it has 10^4x higher energy efficiency at area-equivalent neuron technologies. Biologically comparable energy- and area-efficiency along with CMOS compatibility make the proposed device attractive for large-scale hardware implementation of SNNs.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Tanmay Chavan,Sangya Dutta,Nihar R. Mohapatra and Udayan Ganguly
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cornell University Library en_US
dc.title Band-to-band tunneling based ultra-energy efficient silicon neuron en_US
dc.type Preprint en_US
dc.relation.journal arXiv

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