Strong influence of irrigation on water budget and land surface temperature in Indian sub?continental river basins

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dc.contributor.author Shah, Harsh L.
dc.contributor.author Zhou, Tian
dc.contributor.author Huang, Maoyi
dc.contributor.author Mishra, Vimal
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-18T10:49:52Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-18T10:49:52Z
dc.date.issued 2019-01
dc.identifier.citation Shah, Harsh L.; Zhou, Tian; Huang, Maoyi and Mishra, Vimal, "Strong influence of irrigation on water budget and land surface temperature in Indian sub?continental river basins�, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, DOI: 10.1029/2018JD029132, Jan. 2019. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2169-897X
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD029132
dc.identifier.uri https://repository.iitgn.ac.in/handle/123456789/4437
dc.description.abstract Irrigation modulates the terrestrial water budget in intensively irrigated regions. However, the influence of irrigation on water budget and land surface temperature (LST) has not been quantified in Indian sub?continental river basins. Here, using the in?situ and satellite?based observations and the Variable Infiltration Capacity (VIC) model with irrigation scheme, we show that the presence of irrigation substantially alters water budget (especially evapotranspiration (ET)) and land surface temperature (LST) in the sub?continental river basins. While irrigation results in increased evapotranspiration (ET) in all the 18 sub?continental basins, mean annual ET of Indus and Ganges basins increases by 47% and 12%, respectively due to irrigation. Total runoff (TR) has increased in the most basins due to irrigation. Irrigation has a remarkable influence on LST with cooling of 0.2?0.65 �C. Compare to other basins; irrigation water demand is high in Indus and Ganges basins during the post?monsoon season (October?January). Our results show that between 1951 and 2012, irrigation demand has decreased in 13 out of the 18 basins during the pre?monsoon season (February?May). However, irrigation water demand increased in 12 out of the 18 basins in the post?monsoon season. Changes in irrigation demands are largely driven by changes in soil moisture due to weakening/strengthening of the summer monsoon precipitation. Our findings have implications for water budget estimation over intensively irrigated basins where ET might be substantially underestimated in the previous studies that do not consider the role of irrigation.
dc.description.statementofresponsibility by Harsh L. Shah, Tian Zhou, Maoyi Huang and Vimal Mishra
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.title Strong influence of irrigation on water budget and land surface temperature in Indian sub?continental river basins en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres


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